Coral reefs only cover 0.2% of the Ocean floor, yet they host between 20% and 30% of the World’s marine biodiversity.
A 1 square kilometer reef can produce an average of 15 tons of food per year, thus ensuring food security for neighboring communities.
Like other coastal ecosystems, coral reef are key carbon sinks that help mitigate climate change. They also act as a natural barrier against climatic disasters and erosion.
Yet, it is estimated that we have lost between 30% and 40% of our coral reefs in the last three decades. Like oceanographer Dr. Sylvia A. Earle said:
“Half the coral reefs are still in pretty good shape, a jeweled belt around the middle of the planet. There’s still time, but not a lot, to turn things around.”